Advances in technology and new emerging technology have caused many privacy advocate groups, such as the American Civil Liberties Union, to start voicing real concerns about privacy.(no your not paranoid p. 512) Powerful surveillance equipment such as face recognition software and programs used by website owners to monitor where people go on their websites, have caused much controversy.(The Issues p. 509) Also newer technology like genetic information, which has no real laws safeguarding it's privacy has raised real concern among lawmakers.(Fighting Genetic Discrimination p. 522) Many laws are present to protect citizens from the government, i.e. the bill of rights, but no laws exist to protect the consumer from large companies. This lack of protections has put many consumers in a dangerous position, while lawmakers fail to keep up with emerging technology businesses are profiting.(Data-Collection p.958) "We should be worried about this,” agrees Mary Griffin, counsel for the Consumers Union of the United States. "People just don't know how little privacy protection they have when it comes to this stuff.” (qtd. in Data-Collection p.958).
Many Americans take privacy for granted they often expect it to be respected everywhere. Though this has not always been the case. During the lives of our founding fathers there was less privacy than one would think of today. In many towns and villages there were laws prohibiting individuals from living alone. (Background p.516) According to Patrick Marshall of CQ Researcher records in Middlesex Country, Mass. have shown that courts ordered the search of residences looking for single persons in 1668. He also adds that during the 1600's and 1700's there were no ceilings over rooms in many towns like Boston so what was said could be heard by all. During the construction of our constitution there was only concern over the government invading privacy so it was not until 1877 did the Supreme Court pass a single ruling concerning privacy between citizens.