CENTERED IN NEW YORK , 1946 TO 1960'S.
It is a modern art movement that flowered in America after 2. World War and held its popularity until Pop Art in 1960's.With this movement New York replaced Paris as the center of the art world.
WHO WERE THE MAJOR ARTISTS OF THE MOVEMENT? .
Ø JACKSON POLLOCK.
Ø HANS HOFFMAN.
Ø MARK TOBEY.
Ø ADOLPH GOOTLIEB.
Ø MARK ROTHKO.
Ø WILLEM DE KOONING.
Ø ARSHILE GORKY.
Ø CLIFFORD STILL.
WHAT WERE THESE ARTISTS TRYING TO ACHIEVE?.
Their goal was raw , impulsive art. What mattered were the qualities of the paint and the act of painting itself.
This movement of art is the artist's expressing himself via color and form. We are not represented a concrete subject by the artists. Inspite of its similarities with expressionism this form of art is far more full of enthusiasm,tension and frustration.However much absract they are , they stay far from the idea of picture therefore art becomes a tool of introspection and self-freedom and seeks an answer for Wols' question:.
"IS EVERYTHING WE SEE IS A FAKE?IF SO DON'T WE HAVE TO LOOK INTO OURSELVES BEFORE ANYTHING ELSE?”.
BIRTH OF THE MOVEMENT.
After World War 2,with images of Holocoust everywhere they turned,it seemed reduntant for socially aware artists to paint these same images,a photography at the time was much more powerful.Therefore,to have no subject matter,no imagery at all,seemed to be "the thing to do”.Artists began to explore color and shape and paint entire canvas orange or blue was not an odd thing to do.The ideas of existentialism also played a large role in how artists created .
Artists began to wonder:”If there's no God,what are the reasons for our being here?Why do we do what we do?”The result was a period of self-discovery and there was a sense that one could do and say anything&everything.With no rules,many creative minds could explore ideas freely_for example the splish splash creations of folks like Jackson POLLOCK;therefore,they emphasized the importance of the act of creating,not of the finished object.