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CENTERED IN NEW YORK , 1946 TO 1960'S
It is a modern art movement that flowered in America after 2. World War and held its popularity until Pop Art in 1960's.With this movement New York replaced Paris as the center of the art world.
WHO WERE THE MAJOR ARTISTS OF THE MOVEMENT?
WHAT WERE THESE ARTISTS TRYING TO ACHIEVE?
Their goal was raw , impulsive art. What mattered were the qualities of the paint and the act of painting itself
This movement of art is the artist's expressing himself via color and form. We are not represented a concrete subject by the artists. Inspite of its similarities with expressionism this form of art is far more full of enthusiasm,tension and frustration.However much absract they are , they stay far from the idea of picture therefore art becomes a tool of introspection and self-freedom and seeks an answer for Wols' question:
"IS EVERYTHING WE SEE IS A FAKE?IF SO DON'T WE HAVE TO LOOK INTO OURSELVES BEFORE ANYTHING ELSE?"
After World War 2,with images of Holocoust everywhere they turned,it seemed reduntant for socially aware artists to paint these same images,a photography at the time was much more powerful.Therefore,to have no subject matter,no imagery at all,seemed to be "the thing to do".Artists began to explore color and shape and paint entire canvas orange or blue was not an odd thing to do.The ideas of existentialism also played a large role in how artists created .
Artists began to wonder:"If there's no God,what are the reasons for our being here?Why do we do what we do?"The result was a period of self-discovery and there was a sense that one could do and say anything&everything.With no rules,many creative minds could explore ideas freely_for example the splish splash creations of folks like Jackson POLLOCK;therefore,they emphasized the importance of the act of creating,not of the finished object.
The dominant trend in western painting throughout the 1950's began with a handful of American artists later termed Abstract Expressionists.Their paintings were often made of shapes,lines,and forms not meant to depict a "reality"from the visible world.They believed that non-representational painting could express spiritual and emotional truths in the most direct way.These artists often used a spontaneous and physical process in order to present an immediate response to emotion.They found their mentors in many of the artists who fled Europe durưng World War II for America.Piet Mondrian and Max Ernst were both important influences representing the revolutionary spirit of the artist and a break from traditional painting.Other artists such as Arshille Gorky and Hans Hoffman instilled in the Abstract Expressionists a concern for the physicality of paint and the possibilities of expression in abstraction.
The Abstract Expressionists were a group of very different and individual artists,many of whom came together in New York's Greenwich Village.Among the most famous were Jackson Pollock , Mark Rothko , Helen Frankenthaler , Williem de Kooning , Philip Guston and Robert Motherwell.While the wild physical"action"paintings of Jaackson Pollock have come to represent the revolutionary mood of the times,a number of other painters played crucial roles in this movement.Mark Rothko's enormous field of color expressed both the spiritual and monumental concerns of the time.Willem de Kooning,who had taught at Black Mountain College,created work centered around aggressive applications of paint that,through free expressive brush strokes,created emotionally intense imagery.The giant canvases of Franz Kline and Clyfford Still concered themselves primarily with human fragility.Together with Ad Reinhardt,Lee Krasher,Barnett Newman,and Elain de Kooning,these painters expanded the possibilities of the medium.
In the 1940's and 1950's,for the first time,American artists became internationally important with their new vision and artistic vocabulary,known as Abstract Expressionism New York School,which is the first important school in American painting to declare its independence from European styles &influenced the development of art abroad.Like many other modern movements,Abstract Expressionism doesn't describe any one particular style,but rather a general attitude;not all the work was abstract nor was it all expressive.In contrast to the themes of social realism and regional life that characterized American art of previous decades,these artists valued above all;inspritions from all directions.These painters shared a similarity of outlook from all directions.These painters shared a similarity of outlook,rather than of style-an outlook characterized by a spirit of rev
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Jackson Pollock, MARK ROTHKO, Ă˜ HANS HOFFMAN, Paris, Picasso, Max Ernst, TOM WOLFE, Franz Kline, MARK TOBEY, Newman, KADISH(Sculpter, GREENBERG, Ă˜ JACKSON, Mark Rohtko, Williem de Kooning, de Kooning,who, David Smith., Miro, Arshille Gorky, Elain, Harold Rosenberg-a, Breton,Masson, French Cubism,but, Helen Frankenthaler, Philip Guston, Robert Motherwell.While, Butler, Kondinsky, Matt,
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NEW YORK, America, USA, Europe, Long Island, NY,
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artists, abstract expressionist, pollock, Abstract Expressionism, jackson pollock, world war, new york, paint, art movement, American art, canvas, arshile gorky, mark rothko, western painting, PAINTING STYLE, hans hoffman, paintings, action painting, painters, TOM WOLFE, color field, modern art, Pop Art, art world, real life, images, pictures, art critic, World War II, Second World War, visual art, the painting, canvases, surrealism, splish splash, ANYTHING ELSE, Helen Frankenthaler, Philip Guston, concrete object, Max Ernst, HAROLD ROSENBERG, Franz Kline, unified field, car accident, visual effect, colour field, everyday life, social realism, visual communication, Marxist theory,