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The Shakespeare play 'Macbeth' is based upon a common theme, good versus evil, this is the basis of many novels, movies, songs, poems and other forms of literature. Although good versus evil in 'Macbeth' takes a more subtle form, it still generates the common outcome that 'Macbeth' shares with many other good versus evil stories. To completely understand the good versus evil theme in 'Macbeth' all of its direct outcomes must be considered, and will be considered in the following essay. To discuss good versus evil first good versus evil has to be defined and a common storyline found, the respective leaders of these groups must also be found. Considering 'Macbeth' in respect to the definition of good versus evil will make it clear that 'Macbeth' is a common good versus evil story. The three weird sisters and Hecate play a major role in this theme, they must be recognised and reflected on to help understand the role in the theme. Finally all of the singular human clashes must be examined as they are also good versus evil (for example Macbeth versus Macduff).
Good versus evil, commonly it is known as the good team, out smarting, out muscling or generally out-doing the evil forces and winning. In 'Macbeth', as with most stories, it goes further than this. A more complicated story form is developed in Macbeth, but it goes along a similar line to this description. Often good and evil will start off as close friends, acquaintances or members of a similar group, when all of the sudden evil gains a string of thoughts that resemble evil beating good for their own personal gain. Evil makes their move and gets themselves in a strong position. Good finds themselves in a devastating position, very little hope, people not involved with the conflict start to believe in the evil side. Good realise that there is something that can be done and designs a plan. Good executes this plan and forces evil to take a step back, only to realise something about evil that good didn't know and must come up with a way to defeat evil on the spot. good defeats evil and becomes a hero who lives happily ever after. A sinister plot arises in more developed good versus evil stories, this is where a members of the evil group survives, not reformed, not jailed, not killed this leaves room for a sequel and adds to suspicion and curiosity of the reader (or watcher in this case), thus leaving their mind to finish the story
Evil in this play has two groups, the obvious group, Lady Macbeth and Macbeth and the group that has influenced all of this evil, Hecate and the three weird sisters. These two groups are partially related in that Macbeth, and Lady Macbeth slightly, have been influenced by what the weird sisters have informed them of, for example
But screw your courage to the sticking-place
And we'll not fail. When Duncan is asleep
(Whereto the rather shall his day's hard journey
Soundly invite him) his two chamberlains
will I with wine and wassil so convince
That memory, the warder of the brain,
Shall be the fuma and a receipt of reason
A limbeck only, when in swinish sleep
Their drenched natures lie as in a death,
The unguarded Duncan? what not put upon
The spongy officers, who shall bear the guilt
of our great quell?" (Act 1, Scene 7, l 66 - 79)
This shows that Lady Macbeth is under the weird sister's enchantments. She is simply attempting to build up the courage within herself to assassinate Duncan. Macbeth shows his guidance by the weird sister when he quotes
Each corporal agent to this terrible feat.
Away, and mock the time with fairest show:
False face must hide what the false heart doth know"(Act 1, Scene 7, l89-92)
This quote is said after Lady Macbeth convinces Macbeth to do the deed, Macbeth has also found the courage to complete the task that the weird sisters have set him. The three weird sisters are also instruments of evil, they feed off others actions and claim it to be their art. Thus the play 'Macbeth' has two groups that are ruled by evil, Lady Macbeth and Macbeth, who do the physical evil harm and the weird sisters who mentally make mayhem.
The compatriots of 'good' in this story are more obvious, there are many minor 'good' characters but only four of them are very important. The first 'good' person was subject to the tragic death at the beginning of the play, Duncan, who was a good king, and a great leader. He was the reason that so many good men were around to avenge his death. The second was Banquo, he was the first person to suspect Macbeth of foul play and his death turned alot of suspicion onto Macbeth. The third member of 'good' in the play 'Macbeth' was Malcolm, as Duncan's son it took massive amounts of bravery to leave Scotland and even bigger amounts to return. Malcolm led an army to defeat Macbeth. The last of these most honorable members of the 'good' party is Macduff, who although was a culprit of flee
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Lady Macbeth, Macduff, Malcolm and Macbeth, a major contributor,
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