- Read a few of our sample essays on your topic
- Develop your own ideas
- Your paper will practically write itself
When looking back on United States diplomacy during the Cold War it is apparent that the advancements in foreign policy achieved were often marred by embarrassing political incidents. President Harry Truman played a significant role in the creation of a Cold War between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Immediately following the end of World War II President Truman set a precedent for American foreign policy by creating the Truman Doctrine. In a 1947 speech at Baylor University, the leader of the United States proclaimed that the containment of communism was necessary to ensure "peace and the freedom of all Americans" (p.837). Through the creation of the Truman Doctrine "the United States had declared its right to intervene to save other nations from communist subversion." (p.838) This fundamental stance against communist subversion would later lead to foreign policy failures and military humiliation in Korea, Vietnam, the Middle East, and Latin America. The European Recovery Program gave the Truman administration one major victory over communism. The Marshall Plan, as it is more commonly identified, was designed to "turn back both socialist and communist bids for power in northern and western Europe" (p.838) by financial supporting the governments and economies of these nations. In the end this foreign policy proved to successfully restore a capitalist economy and silence the cries for revolution in Western Europe. Unfortunately, the continued tension and suspicion between the U. S. and U. S. S. R. over shadowed every victory against the "Red Menace". Examples of failures in the diplomatic arena during the Cold War can also be found in the Eisenhower and Kennedy administrations. Although President Eisenhower made a critical leap in foreign diplomacy when he met with Soviet leader Nikita Khurshchev to discuss the possibility of a conference that would focus on German reunification and nuclear disarmament, he later irrevocably damaged relations with the U. S. S. R. during the U-2 incident. When the American U-2 spy plane was shot down over Russian air space, Khrushchev's "demands for an apology and an end to the spy flights" (p.884) went unheard by the president. Eisenhower's refusal to give in to Khrushchev's terms subsequently led to the death of any possibility of a summit between the United States and U. S. S. R. for many years to come. President John Kennedy faired no better in his policies with the government of the Soviet Union and communist containment. Kennedy's failure to over throw the communist government of Cuba during the Bay of Pigs and the subsequent Cuban Missile Crisis brought the world to the brink of nuclear devastation. Despite preventing an all out nuclear attack on the United States, Kennedy's actions lead to the Soviet's eng
Quotes talked about in this paper
- The Korean War was the catalyst Truman used to shift "the allocation of at least 20 percent of the gross national product to national defense."
- Baylor University, the leader of the United States proclaimed that the containment of communism was necessary to ensure "peace and the freedom of all Americans" ...
- U. S. S. R. over shadowed every victory against the "Red Menace".
Terminology referenced in this research paper
American foreign policy,
Names talked about in this essay
President John F. Kennedy, President Dwight D. Eisenhower, President Truman, Senator Joseph R. McCarthy, U. S. S. R.,
Organizations mentioned in this term paper
federal government, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, communist government, Baylor University, Central Intelligence Agency,
Locations included in this paper
United States, Latin America, Soviet Union, North Korea, Vietnam, Middle East,
Health Conditions talked about in this report
Keywords mentioned in this report
United States, cold war, the cold war, federal government, foreign policy, military spending, United States policy, containment, nuclear weapons, Korean War, Middle East, Latin America, Central Intelligence Agency, Soviet, Truman Doctrine, United States government, national security, World War II, Soviet Union, American citizens, Eisenhower, President John Kennedy, Red Scare, The Korean War, President Truman, national aeronautics and space administration, Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, western europe, House Un American Activities Committee, President Eisenhower, South Korea, diplomacy, space, Harry Truman, U 2 spy plane, the central intelligence agency, espionage, American military, Truman administration, Cuban Missile Crisis, nuclear disarmament, nuclear warheads, National Security Council, European Recovery Program, gross national product, policies, the truman doctrine, the middle east, U 2 incident, paranoia,