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psychics has varied through history they have shown to have very real and helpful powers.In the future the use of psychics will very likely become more accepted and used even more than they are presently. The assistance of psychics in police investigations has
increased dramatically in recent years, to the point where psychics have become almost a routine tool of investigation. A psychic is defined as a person that has any extra sensory
perception known as ESP. This power also known as parapsychology by scientists, is characterized as any experience in which an individual is able to sense what is going to happen in the future or about an event that has occurred that they have no mental
knowledge about prior to the vision.
Stories about supernatural solutions to crime or psychic powers date as far back as biblical times. One instance is the story about Saul and his servant sent to look for some livestock by his father. After three long days of looking the servant suggested that they ask the local "seer" or psychic for help. The psychic told them that if they waited three more days that the sheep would turn up, and like the psychic said on the third day the sheep returned home(Wilson 18). During the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries it was
common for people that were victims of a crime to seek the help of a psychic. These psychics known during this age as "cunning men" or " wise women" worked much like many modern day psychics do when trying to solve a case. The cunning man or wise women would often begin with a list of possible suspects that the victim had made or a
piece of evidence left at the crime scene, anything that would help them to be linked to thecrime or victim.
The cunning man or wise women might also help the client who had no leads orplace to start. As stated in the book Blue Sense by Arthur Lyons " Even if they had no ideas of their own to offer their clients, their insights legitimized random behavior by enabling men to make a choice between different courses of action when on rational
grounds there was nothing to choose between them" (15). Through most of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries the word of the local cunning man was often all it took for a person to be arrested on crimes such as theft or even murder in some cases.
One of the first well known psychic detectives was Jacques Aymar, who gained public notoriety throughout France by assisting in the solving of many famous cases. On July 5, 1692 in the small city of Lyons, France a wine merchant and his family was brutally
murdered and robbed, by an unknown assailant. The local police were completely without a clue, until Aymar came to police and said that he was capable of having visions of occurrences with the aid of a piece of clothing from a person involved in the event. After
holding a piece of clothing of one of the victims, Aymar was able to see three men had committed the crime and were now living in a nearby town. The police took Aymar to the neighboring city and had him examine a line up of the cities known criminals. Aymar was
able to pick the three men out of the twenty that were presented to him. At first the three men denied having any involvement in the murder, but after a police interrogation one of
the three men gave in and confessed also incriminated the other two as well (Wilson 22). Aymar went on to help police solve many other crimes until his death in 1694.
During the end of the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth century the use of psychics by the police in America was not as frequent as in the past centuries. The reason
for this is because psychics had gotten a bad reputation as being scam artists, even though there were many legitimate psychics during this time period. In other countries such as
England and Scotland psychics were still being used quite frequently, until one case in which the police were made to look like fools by a psychic. This case was one of the most famous murder cases in British history, that of Jack the Ripper. In August of 1888 six
murders of prostitutes in the Whitechapel district of London's east end occurred, all of which were similarly butchered. After the fifth murder Scotland Yard still had no suspects
or no leads, so they decided to call in one off the most prolific psychics of this era, Robert James Lee. Scotland Yard told the media that with the aid of Robert James Lee the detective unit had solved over one hundred crimes. Scotland Yard then proceeded to tell
the world that they guaranteed that with the help of Lee that they would be capable of catching the Ripper with in a month.
Robert James Lee was not the type of person that wished to be a celebrity or have any public notice because of his special talent. After Scotland Y
Quotes talked about in this paper
- Arthur Lyons " Even if they had no ideas of their own to offer their clients, their insights legitimized random behavior by enabling men to make a choice between different courses of action when on rational grounds there was nothing to choose between them"
- Reiser argues for the use of psychics by police and discusses this in the following statement from his book: "Propionates of psychic criminology like myself argue that if even one murder might be brought to justice, even if many psychics' guesses fail, it may be good to try using them. Even if the use of psychics for criminology is a long shot, may their use not prove to be socially cost effective?"
- he discusses the fear that many police agencies have over the use of psychic, "Few police departments would officially admit using psychics for fear of looking incompetent, or because of the worry that such an admission would raise protest from certain fundamentalist religious elements, which see psychics as practitioners of the black arts" ...
- Hicks quotes the New York State Supreme Court Justice Howard E. Goldfuss as saying the following about the use of psychics in the justice system: "Law enforcement agencies, juries, and judges are finally acknowledging that we don't have the answers to the unexplainable. It really shouldn't shock people that psychic phenomena have found a forum in the courts, requiring us to deal with novel and fascinating ideas" ...
Terminology referenced in this essay
ESP, Law Enforcement, oil companies,
Names referenced in this research paper
Robert James Lee, Jacques Aymar, Arthur Lyons, Wilson, Scotland Yard, Bernedette Doran, Dr. J.B. Rhine, Benjamin Wolman, Saul, Kathlyn Rhea, home(Wilson, Sir William Gull, Greta Alexander, Arthur, Robert Brier, Dr. Martin Reiser, Richard Broughton, Diane Willensky, Robert, Frank Bender, Daniel Cohen, Uri Geller, Robert Hicks, Van Nostrand, Rhines, Benjamin, Warner, Dr. Martin, Daniel,
Organizations mentioned in this essay
American police, Houston police, Los Angles Police Department, Parapsychology Today, Institute for Parapsychology Research, FBI,
Locations talked about in this research paper
Ballantine, France, Scotland, America, London, England, Texas, Toledo, Ohio, San Francisco,
Companies talked about in this research paper
Random House, Mercury House,
Keywords included in this research paper
psychic, police, psychic detectives, psychic powers, psychic ability, New York, police departments, crime scene, parapsychology, American police, Psychic World, the police, Scotland Yard, Police Science, psychic phenomena, psychic phenomenon, crimes, cunning man, police interrogation, police chief, police artist, dead bodies, Aymar, New York State Supreme Court, Criminal Minds, justice system, a crime, extra sensory perception, murder cases, crime prevention, Rhine, Sir William Gull, cunning men, famous cases, World War II, these children, criminal, Robert Brier, sixteenth, Uri Geller, bad reputation, scientifically proven, Richard Broughton, criminology, Controversial Science, twentieth century, artists, murders, split personality,