When the year 1948 rolled around, the world was actively involved in a war between two superpowers, one with a government ruled by the people known as a republic, and the other ruled by one man known as a totalitarian regime. An author by the name of George Orwell provided a realistic insight into the future concerning the totalitarian regimes before and after 1948. This scary insight was symbolized within the text of 1984, a book written to show the manipulation used by totalitarian regimes to create a pure party. Orwell showed similarities between 1984's party, Ingsoc, the Nazi party, and Stalinist Russia, all totalitarian regimes. He did this by portraying the leadership ideals, the propaganda techniques, the fierce secret police, and the basic idea of creating a pure party used by all of these regimes. Big Brother was a mirror image of Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin in many aspects. All three rulers ruled with an iron fist, this means that they ruled with basically no tolerance of opposition and by dictatorship ideals. Orwell showed this through Big Brother's ideas, and beliefs. Throughout Stalin's rule, he enforced several "Five-year plans”, which called for increases in industrial production, and collectivization of agriculture. These plans led to the emergence of an all-powerful nation, The Soviet Union. In 1984, Big Brother used similar three-year plans, "The telescreen was still babbling away about pig iron and the overfulfillment of the Ninth Three-year plan,” (Orwell, pg.6) to bolster Ingsoc's productivity and success. Much like Stalin, Big Brother's plans were a success in creating a powerful state. Adolf Hitler on the other hand, concerned himself more with spreading a feeling of pride amongst his party. He believed that his party was superior to all others, and stride for all others to agree and accept this idea. Stalin and Big Brother both believed this idea of superiority, and spread it by use of similar propaganda techniques.