- Read a few of our sample essays on your topic
- Develop your own ideas
- Your paper will practically write itself
Consider civilizations in general: billions of people have lived their lives, created art and devastation, reproduced and killed. Whether the decisions to do so were made rationally or irrationally, or the consequences of the acts were good or bad, the decisions were made and the acts happened. Unless we begin to question reality or the validity of our perceptions, it would be difficult to argue with any of that. The arguments begin with the judgment of the act or the consequence. Take the statement: those men should not have flown their planes into the World Trade Center. Is it a judgment of the validity of the decision the men made to crash the planes? Or is it the result of a consideration of the consequences of the act of invasion? The concept of morality attempts to answer those questions.
A morally good person is a person that does moral things. This deceptively simple statement highlights the important questions of morality: is morality relative to the person or the act? Kant argued that the question of what is moral is derived from a priori knowledge, it is a categorical imperative and "neither its authority, nor its power to motivate us, is derived from anything but itself."1 This universal imperative holds true for all rational beings and it is our duty as rational beings to act in accordance with it.
This argument, though interesting in its historical context is invalid. When Kant was working on his Critique of Pure Reason there were two dominating schools of thought: the empiricists and the rationalists. Empiricism held that all knowledge is gained through
Names mentioned in this term paper
Kant, Aristotle, Ayn Rand,
Facility mentioned in this paper
World Trade Center,
Keywords talked about in this paper
moral, a priori knowledge, beings, Kant, human, time and space, pleasure and pain, theory, Aristotle, moral imperative, moral law, irrationality, right and wrong, categorical imperative, innate knowledge, a posteriori knowledge, the right thing, human nature, human action, World Trade Center, human being, emotion, Pure Reason, Ayn Rand, societal norms, learning process, the arguments, the concept, the act, emotional, universal, a question, training, beliefs, deceptively, scientific, questions, mores, rationalists, Kantian, Empiricism, precepts, rationalism, perceptions, premise, empiricists, bravely, recital, subjectivity, motivate,