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"Positivism in Mexico was primarily and educational philosophy. It tried to break away with the colonial mentality and bring an intellectual emancipation so the modern Mexican mind could step into the future, free from the shackles of obscurantism, superstition and face the truths of science, order and progress." Evaluate this assessment of positivism in Mexico. How accurate is it? What does it mean by facing "the truths of science"? What kind of educational†innovations did it argue for?
The Positive (and Negative) Truth about Mexican Positivism as a 19th Century Mexican Educational Reform Philosophy
The assertion that: "Positivism in Mexico was primarily an educational philosophy. It tried to break away with the colonial mentality and bring an intellectual emancipation so the modern Mexican mind could step into the future, free from the shackles of obscurantism, superstition and face the truths of science, order and progress" (no source) is an accurate one. Further, according to "Comparative Social Movements: Mexico and the United States":
The Mexican Positivists were a group of elite intellectuals and social scientists that
provided guidance and advice to Porfirio Diaz, the dictator that controlled Mexico
from 1878 through the eve of the Mexican Revolution in 1910. The cientificos [sic]
emphasized the incorporation of Mexico into the modern world system. This was to
be accomplished through suppression of the indigenous and mestizo [sic] aspects of
the culture and promotion of Mexico's "European" heritage. The combination of
economic liberalization and political authoritarianism was the hallmark of Mexican
Positivism. (December 16, 2002)
Philosophies of the founder of sociology, Auguste Compte ("Sociological Positivism"; Auguste Compte), as applied to 19th century Mexican society, i.e., Mexican Positivism, offered (or imposed, depending on one's viewpoint) educational and other innovations in the later 19th century and earliest years of the 20th ("The Porfiriato, 1876-1910"). To those nationals who supported Mexican Positivism (and there were many), "The positivism of Auguste Comte promised progress, discipline, and morality, together with freedo
Names mentioned in this term paper
Jose Vasconcelos, Auguste Compte, Antonio Caso, Gabino Barreda, Hutto, \"The Porfiriato, Porfirio Diaz, Hale, Diaz, Jose Ives Limantour, Salmeron; Marti, Salmeron, Hutto; Marti.,
Organizations referenced in this report
century Mexican society, Salmoneda, European movement,
Companies included in this term paper
Keywords mentioned in this term paper
positivism, mexican, social, Mexico, colonial mentality, truths, social progress, Compte, intellectual, Auguste Compte, educational, Mexican Revolution, educational philosophy, Caso, Human Values, the mexican, shackles, social order, Antonio Caso, superstition, emancipation, social philosophy, social scientists, Hutto, innovation, Auguste Comte, positivist, systematic, Porfirio Diaz, Gabino Barreda, obscurantism, Educational Reform, economic liberalization, step, continual improvement, cientificos, many ways, scientific inquiry, no doubt, Porfiriato, Salmeron, Total Quality Management, European movement, accurate, viewpoint, society, elite, Quest, logic, sciences,