It is a must for counselors to develop a variety of counseling techniques. Two basic reasons for believing this are that no two clients are alike and therefore what will work with one may not work with the other, and it is understood that no one counseling technique can adequately address all the aspects of an issue that a client may present. A counselor will not be able to predict all the types of clients and presenting issues that he will face. He needs therefore to be prepared to deal with a wide variety. Unless he confines himself to only one type of client or condition, he must be ready to effectively help all his clients. A counselor will hardly survive in the mental health field today if he chooses to confine himself to treating only one type of condition. Due to the changing societies, the factors affecting people's lives are now more complicated and consequently the effect of this on mental health demands that counselors have a wider range of techniques to cope with the complex of situations that clients bring to them now. It has also become more common for families to be included in counseling sessions rather than individuals; there are more relationship challenges leading to family breakdown, and more adolescents are succumbing to conditions such as depression and mental stress. When a family comes before a counselor he must be able to meet the needs of the individuals before him.
Two of the major indications that populations are changing and so counseling has to change with it are in the growing multiculturalism of the society and the changes in the school system. The strong multicultural component of the United States population has prompted the need for counselors to consider multicultural factors when communicating with their clients. The Asian population is the second fastest growing in the United States. Much diversity exists within this population. There is a wide variety of identities, languages, and cultures.