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Reach far into the imagination and vision a world with no vaccines for polio and tetanus; imagine a world with no insulin for diabetes. Imagine a world with no chemotherapy treatment for suffering cancer patients. Thanks to animal experimentation such a world is not representative of today's society. Although testing is common today,
the days of testing without much protest are no longer around. According to Tom Reagan, "If we are sure that animals experience both pain and pleasure, then we must regard them as something that counts" (8). Although animal rights activists have some cause for alarm,
animal experimentation is a must and cannot be dismissed. The fact that human beings are still dying due to incurable diseases should be reason enough to still implernent animal testing. David Bender author of Animal Rights: Opposing Viewpoints stipulates: Scientist feel it is essential for the public to understand that had scientific research been restrained in the first decade of the 20th century as antivivisectionists and activist were then and are today urging, many millions of Americans alive and healthy today would never have been born or would have suffered a premature death. Their parents or grandparents would have died from dipheria, scarlet fever, tuberculosis, diabetes, appendicitis, and countless other diseases and disorders.(77)
Contrary to what many believe, humans are not the only ones benefiting from these tests. Both animals and the environment also profit from these methods of testing. The practice of animal testing has been a concern to both scientists and animal rights activists for many years. Although alternatives to animal testing do exist, they are not yet far enough developed to serve as an adequate substitute.
With animal testing comes a few major concerns to both scientist and animal rights activist alike, but because of animal research science has been able to diagnose and treat some of the deadliest and most life threatening diseases of our century. The concern of scientists is that the animal rights activist movement can cause set backs in the vital testing that needs to be accomplished so cures can be found. Although necessary, some of these tests can be considered cruel. According to Bernard Rollin, "Animals do experience
and remember pain"(66). Take for instance the Draize test. Draize test rated eye irritants according to the level of inflammation a substance causes when applied to a rabbits eyes. Another test for systemic toxicity; it measures acute toxicity by determining the exact dose specimen is exposed to. This test kills roughly half the animals it is administered to.One can see how cruel and inhumane these tests can be even when you are in favor of animal experimentation. Due to these tests, groups such as the Animal Liberation Front and PETA (People for the Ethical Treatment of An
Terminology mentioned in this term paper
Technology referenced in this report
Names referenced in this paper
Carp, David Bender, Tom Reagan, Scott Plous, Bernard Rollin,
Organizations included in this report
Animal Liberation Front, University of Pittsburgh, Lions, PCB, PETA,
Locations referenced in this term paper
Health Conditions talked about in this essay
polio, diabetes, tetanus, cancer, Aids, scarlet fever, inflammation, appendicitis, tuberculosis,
Keywords mentioned in this essay
animal, animal testing, animal rights activists, Animal Liberation Front, experimentation, the animal, human, to survive, chemicals, animal studies, rabbit, human race, diseases, home pregnancy test, cures, Draize test, alternatives, human beings, African clawed frog, In Vitro, non human, the human race, mink, acute toxicity, Polychlorinated Biphenyl, Bernard Rollin, petri dish, liver transplant, baboon, pain and pleasure, premature death, Scott Plous, David Bender, scarlet fever, scientist, Leaps and bounds, death sentence, only ones, shaky ground, transplant surgery, vital information, urine sample, toxic waste, carp, long term, biological process, cell cultures, quality standards, tetanus, scientific research,