Roman Empire was strong for a time. It was founded on geography, family values, military strength, and wise leadership. Roman art and society is the basis for Western Civilization and is very important to analyze its downfall to prevent downfall in the future. The Roman Empire flourished because of social, economic, political, military and religious strengths however when the very things that make a civilization flourish start to decline, the civilization will also lead to a downfall.
The first reason for the fall was economic decay. The rulers of Rome had expensive lifestyles and to aid their image, they needed money and gained money through taxation on the poor. In response to the torment of tax collectors, the poor fled to barbaric lands, in which the poor made up a large percentage of the Roman population. Barbarians disrupted trade on the Mediterranean Sea. Rome's gold and silver were being drained into buying luxuries from China, India, and Arabia and the government decreased the silver content in money. The value of the money also decreased and decollation attempted to curb the inflation. He issued an edict that fixed maximum prices and wages throughout the Empire. It was an unrealistic and unenforceable idea, which failed. The emperors still felt the tax issue needed to be addressed. They decided to make the hereditary class of tax collectors pay the difference. In other words, if a poor person could not pay their full share, the tax collector paid the rest. This concept wiped out a whole class of moderately wealthy people.
Later, slavery split communities. Rome believed the workers of society should not benefit from slavery. Slaves then had to reason to try hard or improve. Eastern slaves started doing technical work Thus, all technical work was looked down on. Labor was cheap and worthless and the Upper-class Romans were content with what they had become.
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