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trees in the forest, but the streams, habitat, watersheds, and even the
decaying trees or logs on the forest floor. Managing our forests is not only
important to the wildlife, but to our future economy and way of life. We need
to continue to save the Oregon forests and help the ecosystems within them
because human beings are also part of the ecosystem.
By using forest management, it can help certain species of wildlife.
Some species of birds, such as the pileated woodpecker, which need large
snags to build nest cavities(7). But the worst possible approach to maintaining
a wide diversity of species would be to manage every acre of the forest the
same way. Any change in forest habitat creates "winners" and "losers." As
forests go through natural cycles of growth, death and regeneration, species
may inhabit or be absent from a given area partly in response to natural
changes in the structure of trees and other forest vegetation(4). The same
occurs when forest stands are managed by humans.
Unless future credible research indicates otherwise, effort should be
made to manage a wide range of forest structures. Maintaining diversity would
be best served by using a broader range of management tools. Those would
include harvesting on federal land - not simply thinning - and increasing the
commitment to old-growth attributes on private forest land through
techniques such as retaining large trees and snags. As long as federal lands
are substantially committed to providing late successional habitat, private
forest land can be substantially committed to younger, intensively managed
stands, provided critical habitat characteristics are available.
The federal lands make up more than 50% to 60% of the forests in
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Keywords included in this report
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