The Emancipation Proclamation in the Civil War

             The Emancipation Proclamation was a conclusive constituent in the Civil War. The Proclamation reciprocated the condition of the war and gave the North the added capability it needed to pulverize the Southern powers. It was transparent at the dawning of the hostility that a dictum of some sort would be indispensable, but the man who had the power to issue it, President Lincoln, was unwilling to use the word "Negro,” let alone amuse the feasibility of freeing him.4 In 1861, Lincoln vindicated Union commanders who returned runaway slaves to their rebel masters. And when two Union officers, General John C. Fremont in Missouri and General David Hunter in South Carolina, issued emancipation proclamations in their commands, Lincoln deserted the proclamations and chastised both men for their ambition.4 Later, when the first Union commanders began to recruit black soldiers, Lincoln refused to furnish his support in having the black soldiers ceremoniously acknowledged and paid by the government. .

             In direct contrast to the thinking of many African-Americans the Proclamation Emancipation was not established to free slaves, but instead to punish the rebellious Southerners. In the North and in Congress there were those who had little sympathy for the South.1 Many were unwilling to make concessions to rebels who had brought the nation into war and caused the expenditure of billions of dollars and the loss of hundreds of thousands of lives on both sides. President Lincoln never doubted that federal forces would triumph over the renegades, and he began formulating a plan for restoration of Confederate states. His first move would be to send in provisional military governors until civilian authority could be established again. He actually appointed governors in 1862 for Tennessee, North Carolina, and Louisiana, and the following year, he issued a proclamation in which the details of his blueprint were explained.

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