Find your subject
in our database of
Spark your creativity...
an impressive essay!
The most famous dissociative disorder is Multiple Personality Disorder, also known as Dissociative Identity
Disorder (DID). It is estimated that one in one hundred people may suffer from Multiple Personality Disorder and
other Dissociative Disorders. With correct diagnosis and appropriate treatment, people have the potential for
Multiple Personality Disorder is a condition in which a person has more than one identity, each of which
speaks, acts and writes in a very different way. Each personality seems to have its own memories, wishes, and (often
The symptoms of an individual with Multiple Personality Disorder are 1.) lack of appropriate emotional
response 2.) memory loss, lost time, not knowing what they have said or done 3.) feeling dream like 5.) experiencing
dissociation which might include dizziness, headaches, numbness in body, spontaneous trance states 6.) not
remembering childhood or major life events 7.) recurrent depression 8.) anxiety, panic, and phobias 9.) self
destructive thoughts and behavior 10.) substance abuse 11.) eating disorders 12.) sexual dysfunction, including
addictions and avoidance 13.) flashbacks, intrusive thoughts and images of trauma 14.) low self esteem, and feeling
damaged and/or worthless 15.) shame 16.) somatic pain syndromes 17.) sleep disturbances: nightmares, insomnia,
and sleepwalking and 18.) alternative states of consciousness or personalities.
Many people displaying MPD have experienced events they would like to forget or avoid. The causation of
Multiple Personality Disorder is when an individual has suffered severe, horrific, traumatic, unavoidable, persistent
physical or sexual abuse in childhood. Also many people displaying MPD appeared to be skilled at self- hypnosis
through which their "psyche" comes forward as a coping mechanism, to protect them from the pain ( they create a
self- induced hypnotic like trance) which allows the individual to escape psychologically. Most people suffering
from Multiple Personality Disorder found that they could escape the trauma of abuse at least temporarily by creating
" new personalities" to deal with the stress. ( Braun, B. (1988). The BASK model of dissociation.
DISSOCIATION, 1, 4-23. American Psychiatric Association (1994) Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental
The separate personalities known as "alters", are usually unknown to the host personality, which operates the
body most of the time. Alters can take many forms, but few types are common. Some typical manifestations include
a depressed or hurt child, an internal caretaker, a strong angry protector, and an envious protector who is angry with
the host. Although these represent the most common alter personality types, the reported list of variations is fairly
long and includes perpetrator alters, avenger alters, opposite sex alters, different race, and even non- human alters.
Most of the writings dealing with DID (Dissociative Identity Disorder reports that individuals with the illness flow
in and out of the various personalities as the environment changes, usually unaware of what is taking place.
Quotes talked about in this paper
Terminology mentioned in this research paper
Names talked about in this research material
Turkus, Putnam, J.F. Higdon, Steinberg, Charles C. Thomas, B.G. Braun, Whitman, Colrain, Wiley, B.M.,
Organizations included in this paper
American Journal of Psychiatry, American Psychiatric Association, Clinical Pediatrics, MPD.,
Locations talked about in this term paper
New York, North America,
Health Conditions included in this research material
exhaustion 3.) inability, sexual dysfunction, insomnia, dizziness, headaches,
Companies mentioned in this essay
Keywords referenced in this essay
multiple personality disorder, Dissociative Identity Disorder, personalities, dissociative disorders, therapy, personality types, polar opposites, Occupational Therapy, memory trace, pain, low self esteem, New York, childhood trauma, American Psychiatric Association, dissociation, substance abuse, child abuse, self, individual, family therapy, mental disorders, memory loss, intrusive thoughts, common, group therapy, sexual dysfunction, Psychiatric, coping mechanism, cognitive distortions, Guilford Press, psychotherapy, critical stage, suicidal thoughts, memories, drab, personal power, survivor, abreaction, North America, internal, harbors, painful, trance, panic, skilled, hypnosis, dissociated, illness, therapies, patient,